Biography Anton Hölzel

Antonie “Anton” Hölzel was born on 7 May 1909 in Deventer to a working-class family of social democrats. In September 1941 he was arrested for possession of a banned newspaper. Hölzel was taken to the Amersfoort transit camp and registered as a political prisoner. From there, he was deported to the Buchenwald concentration camp, where he arrived on 31 March 1942. In June 1944 he was transported to the Neuengamme concentration camp and in November 1944 he was assigned to look after the 20 children on whom Heißmeyer was conducting his experiments. He was murdered on Bullenhuser Damm on 20 April 1945.

PDF document Show

Media Type:
Media format:
digital media
Iris Groschek, Kristina Vagt
KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme
Year of publication:
alle Rechte vorbehalten

Media Library

The complete permanent exhibition "Time Traces" and the other side exhibitions on the grounds of the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial are also available digitally in the memorial's media library. Unfortunately, the media library is only available in German.

media library
Contact us at

Do you have questions or have you encountered errors while using the website? Then please write to us at:


Phone: +49 40 428 131 551